What is the Best Alternative for WPF?

Explore why Avalonia UI is the best alternative to WPF for application development. Highlighting Avalonia's cross-platform support, community-driven development, and suitability for modernising legacy applications, positioning it as a versatile and future-proof choice for developers.


As the landscape of application development evolves, so does the need for frameworks that cater to the diverse requirements of modern software. Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) has been a staple for Windows application development, but its limitations, particularly cross-platform compatibility, have led to the rise of alternative frameworks. Among these, Avalonia stands out as a premier choice.

The Rise of Avalonia UI

Avalonia, often regarded as the spiritual successor to WPF, offers a compelling blend of familiarity and innovation. While it draws inspiration from WPF, Avalonia transcends its predecessor by providing a truly cross-platform framework. It supports not only Windows but also macOS, Linux, iOS, Android, and even web browsers, making it an ideal choice for projects aiming for a wide reach.

Key Advantages of Avalonia UI

  1. Cross-Platform Support: Avalonia's most significant advantage over WPF is its ability to run on multiple platforms. This flexibility is crucial in today's diverse device and OS landscape. 
  2. Community-Driven Development: Avalonia thrives on robust community involvement, with over 350 contributors driving its growth. This ensures that Avalonia is continually updated and improved, unlike WPF's more limited recent development. 
  3. Modernisation of Legacy Applications: For businesses relying on stable WPF applications, Avalonia offers an excellent pathway for modernisation. It enables leveraging existing skills and codebases while expanding the application's reach to new platforms.
  4. Active Adoption: Avalonia is not just a theoretical alternative; it's actively being adopted by major companies for both modernising existing applications and developing new projects. This real-world usage underlines its effectiveness as a WPF alternative​​​​​​.

Transitioning from WPF to Avalonia UI

  1. For developers familiar with WPF, transitioning to Avalonia is relatively straightforward. The frameworks share conceptual similarities, easing the learning curve. However, some application of the existing WPF code is necessary to fully utilise Avalonia's capabilities. The process is typically smoother for well-architected applications using the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) pattern. If you're looking to take your existing WPF app cross-platform with no code changes, then make sure to check out our XPF product

Wrapping up

Avalonia emerges as a superior alternative to WPF, especially for projects that require cross-platform capabilities and for teams looking to future-proof their applications. Its robust community support, flexibility, and growing adoption make it a wise choice for modern application development.